Test 1 (50 points)
Bring a 882 Scantron and a number 2 pencil
The test will contain 25 questions on the material from Chapter 1
AND 25 questions on the material from Chapter 2

Chapter 1- Sample Questions

Sample True and False Questions:

1.      White Pop music in late 1940's reflected the tastes of the growing teenager population.
2.      Because of its romantic and sweet vocals, doo-wop was one of the first black popular styles to effectively
         penetrate the white pop market.
3.      Slap bass and twanging guitars are Chicago blues trademarks.
4.      The effects of the payola hearings led to a rise in the Top-40 format.
5.      Jerry Lee Lewis, Buddy Holly, and Ritchie Valens died in a plane crash.

Sample Multiple Choice Questions:

1.      In 1949 the recording industry term "race records" was replaced by A) Urban Blues B) Country Blues
         C) Rhythm and Blues D) Gospel Soul.
2.     Who was one of the first country and western performers to cross over to Rock and Roll? A: Howlin’ Wolf
        B) Louis Jordan  C) Bill Haley D) Arthur “ Big Boy Crudup
3.      Which performer was the first to use a "solid-body" electric guitar?  A)  Elvis Presley B) Buddy Holly
         C) Eddie Cochran D)  Chuck Berry

How were these performers significant in the rise of rock and roll?

Robert Johnson (embodied the attitude of the rock an roll)

Hank Williams, Sr (one of the first performers to blend the blues with country and western. He anticipated rockabilly.)

Louis Jordan: (brought danceable, upbeat blues boogie to mainstream audiences. He anticipated R&B

Muddy Waters:  (gave birth to electric blues and sparked a blues movement in England)

Pat Boone:   (brought a "cleaned-up" white version of rock to for mainstream audiences not quite yet ready fo the real thing)

Elvis Presley: Became THE icon of rock and roll and penetrated ALL aspects of pop music including Country,
Blues and Pop.


With which style of music are the following performers associated?

Robert Johnson (Delta Blues)
Howlin' Wolf (Chicago Blues)
Louis Jordan (Jump Band)
Big Joe Turner (rhythm and blues)
Little Richard (gospel shout)
Elvis Presley (rockabilly)
The Moonglows (doo-wop)
Fabian (teen idol)

Where are the following  located?
Sun Records, (Memphis)
Atlantic Records (New York)
J&M (New Orleans)
Stax (Memphis)
Specialty (Los Angeles)

Chapter 2- Sample Questions

Sample True and False Questions:

  1. Motown was able to produce music so quickly because the musicians played by ear rather than having to read music.
  2. Fame Studios (Muscle Shoals) most famous artist was Aretha Franklin.
  3. Pet Sounds by the Beach Boys set the stage for album oriented rock of the late 1960's.

Identify the location of the following studios: (Chapter reading and lectures)

  1. Stax                                         
  2. Hitsville USA                      
  3. Muscle Shoals/FAME                 
  4. Brill Building / Atlantic                                      
  5. Phil Spector/Goldstar 

 What effect did the Baby Boom generation have on EARLY 1960's rock? (from lectures)

  1. The music becomes less danceable
  2. The music becomes darker and more somber
  3. Rock became a bit watered down and mainstream
  4. All of the above

What are the house bands for the following studios?
     Stax (Booker T and the MGs)
     Motown/Hitsville (The Funk Brothers)
     Goldstar (The Wrecking Crew)

Aretha Franklin was known as? (Chapter reading)

  • The Queen of Motown
  • The Duchess of Earl
  • The Empress of Rock
  • The Queen of Soul

Test 1 Listening Examples
The listening test is for extra credit points (8 points possible)
Click link to listen to examples

 

Style

Common Instruments

Notes

Noted performers

         

A

Mississippi Delta Blues

Acoustic guitar and vocals

Crude vocalizing, non-dance music.

Robert Johnson

B

Chicago Blues

Electric guitar, drums, bass, piano

Heavy back-beat, raunchy bar-room drinking music

Howlin’ Wolf,
Muddy Waters

C

Rhythm and Blues

Honking saxes and shouting vocalizing, Boogie-woogie rhythm common

More upbeat and danceable blues for teenagers

Big Joe Turner,
Louis Jordan

D

Doo-Wop

A-capella vocals with light backup instruments

Inoffensive, naïve lyrics.  Nonsense background vocalizing.  High, strident lead singer and prominent bass

The Platters,
The Moonglows

E

Rockabilly

Twanging guitar, slap bass, nasal singing style

12-bar blues performed in a country and western style

Elvis Presley,
Carl Perkins

F

Teen Idol Pop

Well-produced studio sessions. Polished arrangements

Pop music for the teen and pre-teen market.  Simplistic lyrics and tuneful melodies

Paul Anka, Fabian, Brian Hyland

G

Motown

Strings and wind instruments with strong rhythm section

Inoffensive black pop music, strong beat structure.  Much dance music

The Temptations,
The Supremes,

H

Instrumental Surf-Rock

Guitar band; lead guitar, rhythm guitar, drums and bass

Hypnotic grooves and lots of echo

Dick Dale, the Surfaris


You may want to listen to some or all of these songs on YouTube

Song Artist Style
Chapter 1
Puttin’ On The Ritz Irving Berlin /  Ella Fitzgerald Tin Pan Alley Pop
Sweet Home Chicago   Robert Johnson Mississippi Delta Blues
Move It On Over  Hank Williams, Sr. Country Swing
(I'm Your) Hoochie Coochie Man Muddy Waters Chicago Blues
Call It Stormy Monday T-Bone Walker Blues structure example
Louis Jordan  Caldonia Boogie Jump Blues
Perry Como   Catch a Falling Star Mainstrean Pop
Shake, Rattle and Roll  Big Joe Turner  Rhythm and Blues
Shake, Rattle and Roll Bill Haley and the Comets Pre-Rockabilly
Sixty Minute Man Billy Ward and His Dominoes  Rhythm and Blues
That’s Alright Mama Arthur “Big Boy” Crudup Rhythm and Blues
That’s Alright Mama Elvis Presley Rockabilly
Blue Moon Of Kentucky Bill Monroe Hillbilly/Country and Western
Blue Moon Of Kentucky Elvis Presley Rockabilly
Boppin’ The Blues  Carl Perkins Rockabilly
Not Fade Away Buddy Holly  Tex-Mex Rockabilly
Peggy Sue Buddy Holly  Tex-Mex Rockabilly
Bye Bye Love The Everly Brothers:  Tex-Mex Rockabilly
Summertime Blues Eddie Cochran  Rockabilly hybrid
Be-Bop-A-Lula Gene Vincent  Rockabilly
Daddy's Home Shep and the Limelites Doo-Wop
Blue Moon The Marcels Doo-Wop
School Day Chuck Berry  Rock and Roll
 Johnny B Goode Chuck Berry Rock and Roll
 Long Tall Sally Little Richard  Rock and Roll
Chapter 2
Splish Splash Bobby Darin Brill Pop
Breaking Up Is Hard To Do Neil Sedaka Brill Pop
On Broadway The Drifters Brill Pop
You're My Soul And Inspiration Righteous Brothers  Phil Spector Wall of Sound
Heat Wave Martha and The Vandellas  Motown
Baby, I Need Your Loving The Four Tops Motown
Where Did Our Love Go The Supremes Motown
Green Onions Booker T and the MGs Stax
Soul Man Sam and Dave Stax
Mustang Sally  Wilson Pickett Fame Studios
Misirlou  Dick Dale and the Deltones Instrumental Surf Rock
Pipeline  Chantays Instrumental Surf Rock
California Girls  The Beach Boys Vocal Surf Rock
God Only Knows The Beach Boys Vocal Surf Rock