Chapter 3 Review

Know the following performers and instruments:

The Beatles:
John Lennon (rhythm guitar)
Paul McCartney (bass)
George Harrison (lead guitar)
Ringo Starr (drums)
Lennon and McCartney are main singers

The Who:
Pete Townshend (lead guitar)
Roger Daltrey (vocals)
Keith Moon (drums)
John Entwistle (bass)

The Kinks:

Ray Davies (lead guitar and vocals)

The Rolling Stones:
Mick Jagger (vocals)
Keith Richards (guitar)
Charlie Watts (drums)
Ronnie Wood (guitar and bass)
and formerly Bill Wyman (bass)

Cream:
Eric Clapton (guitar)
Jack Bruce (vocals, bass)
Ginger Baker (drums)

Memorize the Yardbirds guitarists (in order) Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, Jimmy Page

Concepts:

How is the Liverpool sound different from the London sound?
How is First Wave British rock different from the Second Wave Mods?
What was the significance of the Sgt. Pepper Album?
Know the Beatles albums: Early/ Middle/Late
What are the characteristics of each of the Beatles style periods?
What are some visual style differences between the Mods and the Rockers?
Who as Lonnie Donegan and what was his contribution to British pop music.

Sample questions:

1. My Generation was the first hit for which band?
A) The Rolling Stones B) The Yardbirds C) The Animals D) The Who

2. Which is NOT a late Beatle album?
A) Abbey Road B) Sgt. Pepper C) Let It Be D) Rubber Soul

3. Lonnie Donegan is noted for his contribution to which style of music?
A) 2nd Wave British Invasion B) London Art School Rock C) Skiffle D) British Blues Revival

4. The New Yardbirds reformed as which group?
A) Led Zeppelin B) The Byrds C) Jethro Tull D) The Animals.

5. How many Liverpool bands were there in the early 1960's?
A) very few B) 20 C) 300 D) 900

6. One of their biggest hits was "You Really Got Me"
A) The Kinks B) Gerry and the Pacemakers C) Them  D) The Hollies

7. Who were the Quarrymen?

8. What was another name for Liverpool rock? (The Merseybeat sound)


Chapter 4 Review

Where were the major Beatnik hangouts? (Greenwich Village NY,, North Beach, San Fransicco, CA, Venice Beach, CA)
What were the contributing factors giving rise to the Folk Movement? (Baby Boomers reach College age, Civil unrest; Vietnam War, Civil Rights Movement, Free Speech Movement)

List the major rock/pop festivals of the 1960’s (Listed in Chapter 4; you need to know the order)
Who started Folk Rock? When and where? (Bob Dylan, at the 1965 Newport Folk Festival)
Is there a difference between Acid Rock and Psychedelic Rock? (Acid rock are long-winded jams, Psychedelic music strives to musically convey the sensory perception of a drug experience.

What were the major rock venues in:
Greenwich Village? Café Wha? The Gaslight Café
In San Francisco? : Avalon Ballroom, Fillmore Auditorium
In Los Angeles?   : Whiskey a Go Go

How did the following performers influence the direction of rock?

Bob Dylan - He started the folk-rock movement and introduced the idea of the rock message song.
Jimi Hendrix - sculptured sound, redefined guitar playing
Janis Joplin - Redefined the nature of female performers; she was bluesy, emotional, and assertive
Jim Morrison - Beginning of theatrical and shock rock. He used psychological oriented lyrics
Frank Zappa - He borrowed from many musical styles, started intellectualized rock, and lampooned pop culture.

Who performed White Rabbit? Purple Haze? For What It’s Worth?
Turn, Turn Turn? (Chapter 4)

When was the Summer of Love? (1967)
Where is the Haight-Ashbury District? (Chapter 4)
Where is Greenwich Village? (Chapter 4)

Match major performers and their bands:
Here are some examples:

Janis Joplin (Big Brother and the Holding Co.)
David Crosby (The Byrds)
Jerry Garcia (Grateful Dead)
Jimi Hendrix (The Experience)
Jim Morrison (The Doors)
Grace Slick (Jefferson Airplane)
Stephen Still, Neil Young (Buffalo Springfield)

 

Summary of Rock Styles

Style

Common Instruments

Notes

Noted performers

1st Wave Liverpool

Well-produced pop music.

Similar to American Teen Idols with British accent.  Many vocal duos.

Gerry and the Pacemakers, Chad and Jeremy

1st Wave London

Raunchy garage band texture.  Angular melodic lines.  Chant-like backup vocals

Rebellious stance and vocal delivery style

The Rolling Stones, The Kinks

Britsh Blues Revival Wah-Wah guitar, guitar distortion, heavy drumming, riff-based guitar lines Heavy blues, less oriented to Top 40 music. Cream, Yardbirds

Folk-Rock

Jangling guitars and tambourine playing

Folk music with a rock beat. Many message songs

The Byrds, Bob Dylan

Flower-Power

Various Languid songs about peace, love, the Aquarian age Donovan, Scott McKenzie

60’s Garage Band

Stripped-down amateurish delivery style.  Tambourine and “cheesy” organ playing is common

Also known as fraternity rock. Popular songs in the genre include Louie, Louie and Wooly Bully

The Seeds, Sam The Sham,  and many one-hit wonders.

       

You may want to listen to some or all of these songs on YouTube

Chapter 3
Song Artist Style
Jack of Diamonds Lonnie Donegan  Skiffle
How Do You Do It? Gerry and the Pacemakers  Merseybeat/Liverpool
You Really Got Me The Kinks London Art School Blues 
All My Loving Beatles Early Beatles
Norwegian Wood  Beatles Middle Beatles
Taxman Beatles Middle Beatles
Yellow Submarine Beatles Middle Beatles
Tomorrow Never Knows Beatles Middle Beatles
Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds Beatles Late Beatles
Within You Without You Beatles Late Beatles
When I'm Sixty-Four  Beatles Late Beatles
A Day In The Life  Beatles Late Beatles
I Am The Walrus Beatles Late Beatles
Golden Slumbers  Beatles Late Beatles
Around and Around Rolling Stone R&B Cover
(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction  Rolling Stone Rolliing Stones original
Sympathy for the Devil  Rolling Stone Rolliing Stones original
Paint it Black Rolling Stone Rolliing Stones original
Young Man Blues The Who 2nd Wave British Invasion
Baba O’Riley The Who 3rd Wave British Invasion
Tommy The Who Rock Opera
I’m A Man The Yardbirds British Blues Cover
White Room  Cream British Blues original
Sunshine of Your Love Eric Clapton British Blues original
Chapter 4
Little Boxes  Peter Seeger Folk Song
Subterranean Homesick Blues Bob Dylan Folk Song
Oxford Town  Bob Dylan Folk Song
Turn Turn, Turn  The Byrds Folk-Rock
For What It's Worth Buffalo Springfiled Folk-Rock
Eve of Destruction Barry McGuire Folk-Rock
Land of 1000 Dances Cannibal and the Headhunters Garage Band
Whittier Boulevard Thee Midnighters Garage Band
Incense and Peppermints  Strawberry Alarm Clock Psychedelic Rock
Me & Bobby McGee Janis Joplin San Francisco Sound
White Rabbit Jefferson Airplane San Francisco Sound
Casey Jones Grateful Dead San Francisco Sound
Riders On The Storm The Doors L.A. Acid Rock
When The Music's Over The Doors L.A. Acid Rock
Voodoo Chile' Jimi Hendrix British Blues influence
All Along The Watchtown Jimi Hendrix Bob Dylan Cover
Star Spangled Banner Jimi Hendrix Hendrix cover
Purple Haze Jimi Hendrix Hendrix original
Crystal Blue Persuasion Tommy James Flower-Power