Chapter 5 - Review Questions

Match the performer with a band:

1. Robert Plant - ( Led Zeppelin)
2. Ozzy Osbourne - (Black Sabbath)
3. Ritchie Blackmore - (Deep Purple)
4. Phil Collins - (Genesis)
5. Roger Waters - (Pink Floyd)
6. Freddie Mercury - (Queen)
8. George Clinton (Funkadelic)

Match the performer with a style:

9.   Bruce Springsteen - (Roots Rock)
10. Allman Brothers (Southern Rock)
11. David Bowie - (Glam Rock)
12. Eagles California - (Country Rock)
13. King Crimson - (Progressive Rock)
14. Queen - (Theatre Rock)

General questions from the chapter readings and lectures:

15. How are the early 1970’s different from the late 1960s?
16. What are the characteristics of Progressive Rock? Glam Rock? Heavy Metal?
17. Why did musicians dislike disco?
18. What led to the decline of progressive rock? (music became overly complex, rise of punk)
19. Why is David Bowie a good example of a early 1970’s rocker?
20. Why were the early 1970’s were influenced by anti-heros?

Chapter 6 - Review Questions
  1. New York rock influenced by the minimalism movement (chapter reading)
  2. The lyrics of New York underground rock were influenced by Beat Poets (chapter reading)
  3. What was the name of New York’s premier punk venue? (chapter reading)
  4. What band did Andy Warhol promote? (The Velvet Underground)
  5. Who is John Cale? (chapter reading)
  6. Who managed the New York Dolls and the Sex Pistols? (Malcolm McLaren)
  7. Who is considered the "grandfather of punk"?
  8. What was the Exploding Plastic Inevitable? (Andy Warhol's traveling art show)
  9. What was Ras Tafari’s political name? (Haile Sallasie)
  10. When and where did Ska originate? (mid 1950's)

Match performers with the bands:

  1. Lou Reed (The Velvet Underground)
  2. Iggy Pop (The Stooges)
  3. Bob Marley (The Wailers)
  4. Sid Vicious (The Sex Pistols)
  5. Sting (The Police

 

Listening Examples:

Heavy Metal

Lead guitar, bass, and drums

Emotionalized, screaming vocals.  Guitar and bass riffs.  Highly energized lead guitar work. Power chords

Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple,  Iron Maiden

Progressive Rock

Long-winded, album oriented rock.  Much use of synthesizers and exotic instruments. Generally non-dance concert music

Elaborate, complex  songs in “suite format”  Large variety of music influences including Jazz and classical music.

Emerson, Lake and Palmer, King Crimson, Yes, Genesis

California Country Rock

Extensive vocal harmony and sophisticated arrangements.  A balance of acoustic and electric guitars.  Pedal Steel guitar common

An extension of the Folk-rock style with less use of tambourine and jangling  guitars.  Less message songs.  Pop “country” feel

Eagles, Loggins and Messina, Seals and Croft.

Ska-Revival

Danceable, upbeat pop tunes with horns and strong rhythm section.

Fast tempos with the accent on the off-beats

English Beat, Selecter, Madness, the Specials

Southern Rock

Common use of twin lead guitar, double drums and strong rhythm section

Long-winded boogie jams.  Many instrumental tracks

Allman Brothers, Lynyrd Skynyrd, Marshall Tucker, ZZ Top

Punk

Guitar, bass, drums and vocals.  Stripped down thrash guitar chords.  Much distortion.

Stripped down political rock., especially in the English bands

The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, the Clash

Funk

Guitar, drums, bass, and horns

Tight rhythm section with strong emphasis on first beats.  Emphasis on bass and lead guitar riffs.  Horn sections.  Narration is common.

James Brown, Earth, Wind and Fire, Rick James, Sly and the Family Stone.

Disco

Instruments varied.  Strong reliance on keyboard and strings

Formulaic pop music with heavy emphasis on rhythm.  All beats are accented

Donna Summer, The Bee Gees,