History of Rock and Roll – Chapter 7

Sample Questions

 True or False:

  1. The Last Poets were rappers of the 1960’s civil rights era. (Lecture)
  2. Kool Herc is widely regarded as hip-hop’s founding father. (Lecture)
  3. Grandmaster Flash was the first true DJ performers, doing scratches with various body parts, from his elbows to his feet. (Lecture)
  4. Afrika Bambaata sampled a much wider variety of artists including German techo-pop bands. (Lecture)
  5. Hip-hop breakdancing is competive; each performer strives to outdo his opponents.
  6. Beatboxing is an extension of hip-hop culture; sometimes called the fifth element of hip-hop. (Lecture)
  7. The advent of game machines has little impact on rock music. (Lecture)
  8.  Fast video pacing and the rise of the independent storyline are contributions of the MTV generation. (Lecture)
  9.  Michael Jackson’s Thriller album was a concept album; moving away from pop single tradition. (Lecture)

What band where these performers in?

  • Jello Biafra (Dead Kennedys)
  • Bono (U2)
  • Kurt Cobain (Nirvana)
  • Chuck D (Public Enemy)
  • This style of rock started with the "toasting tradition"? (Rap)
  •  Who is the most internationally recognizable female rock/pop star of the 1980's? (Madonna)
  • What was the first truly international rock style? (Metal)
  • This band's most famous album was "Straight Outta Compton" (Chapter reading)

History of Rock and Roll – Chapter 8

Sample Questions

There is a rebirth of message songs in the mid 1980’s. (T/F)

Who founded the Lollapalooza festival? (Perry Farrell)

Which late 1990's festival was devoted to women performers and songwriters? (Lilith Fair)

This song is about Dr. Martin Luther King.

Which album is largely based on A Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy? (O.K. Computer)

What was the most financially successful rock benefit concert of the 1980's?

The population of Generation X is about twice as much as the Baby Boom Generation. (T/F)

Matching these performers with their bands:

Perry Farrell (Jane's Addiction)
Thom Yorke (Radiohead)
Trent Reznor (Nine Inch Nails)
Kurt Cobain (Nirvana)

Multiple Choice:

 “Do They Know It's Christmas?” was (lookup)

  • A benefit song organized by Bob Geldof
  • Stevie Wonder's best known Christmas song
  • Another name for the Live Aid Concert
  • The first song made popular on the internet

Live Aid raised how much money? (lookup)

  • $1 million
  • $8 million
  • $80 million (!)
  • $800 million

 Which band is NOT a part of the 1990's Garage Band Revival

  •  The Strokes
  •  The White Stripes
  •  Jane's Addiction
  •  The Hives

Summary of Rock Styles - This is NOT extra credit
You will be given a copy of this to use during the final listening test


Common Instruments


Noted performers


Mississippi Delta Blues

Acoustic guitar and vocals

Crude vocalizing, non-dance music.

Robert Johnson


Chicago Blues

Electric guitar, drums, bass, piano

Heavy back-beat, raunchy bar-room drinking music

Howlin’ Wolf, Muddy Waters


Rhythm and Blues

Honking saxes and shouting vocalizing, Boogie-woogie rhythm common

More upbeat and danceable blues for teenagers

Big Joe Turner, Louis Jordan



A-capella vocals with light backup instruments

Inoffensive, naïve lyrics.  Nonsense background vocalizing.  High, strident lead singer and prominent bass

The Platters, The Moonglows



Twanging guitar, slap bass, nasal singing style

12-bar blues performed in a country and western style

Elvis Presley, Carl Perkins


Teen Idol Pop

Well-produced studio sessions. Polished arrangements

Pop music for the teen and pre-teen market.  Simplistic lyrics and tuneful melodies

Paul Anka, Fabian, Brian Hyland



Strings and wind instruments with strong rhythm section

Inoffensive black pop music, strong beat structure.  Much dance music

Temptations, Supremes,


Instrumental Surf-Rock

Guitar band; lead guitar, rhythm guitar, drums and bass

Hypnotic grooves and lots of echo

Dick Dale, the Surfaris


1st Wave Liverpool

Well-produced pop music.

Similar to American Teen Idols with British accent.  Many vocal duos.

Gerry and the Pacemakers, Chad and Jeremy


1st Wave London

Raunchy garage band texture.  Angular melodic lines.  Chant-like backup vocals

Rebellious stance and vocal delivery style

The Rolling Stones, The Kinks



Jangling guitars and tambourine playing

Folk music with a rock beat. Many message songs

The Byrds, Bob Dylan


60’s Garage Band

Stripped-down amateurish delivery style.  Tambourine and “cheesy” organ playing is common

Also known as fraternity rock. Popular songs in the genre include Louie, Louie and Wooly Bully

The Seeds, Sam The Sham,  and many one-hit wonders.


Heavy Metal

Lead guitar, bass, and drums

Emotionalized, screaming vocals.  Guitar and bass riffs.  Highly energized lead guitar work. Power chords

Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple,  Iron Maiden


Progressive Rock

Long-winded, album oriented rock.  Much use of synthesizers and exotic instruments. Generally non-dance concert music

Elaborate, complex  songs in “suite format”  Large variety of music influences including Jazz and classical music.

Emerson, Lake and Palmer, King Crimson, Yes, Genesis


California Country Rock

Extensive vocal harmony and sophisticated arrangements.  A balance of acoustic and electric guitars.  Pedal Steel guitar common

An extension of the Folk-rock style with less use of tambourine and jangling  guitars.  Less message songs.  Pop “country” feel

Eagles, Loggins and Messina, Seals and Croft.



Acoustic instruments played in a casual, well-produced style

Sing-songy and upbeat pop songs about the brighter side of the hippie counterculture.  Lyrics about peace, love and “good vibrations”

Donovan, Scott McKenzie, Tommy James


Southern Rock

Common use of twin lead guitar, double drums and strong rhythm section

Long-winded boogie jams.  Many instrumental tracks

Allman Brothers, Lynyrd Skynyrd, Marshall Tucker, ZZ Top



Guitar, bass, drums and vocals.  Stripped down thrash guitar chords.  Much distortion.

Stripped down political rock., especially in the English bands

The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, the Clash



Guitar, drums, bass, and horns

Tight rhythm section with strong emphasis on first beats.  Emphasis on bass and lead guitar riffs.  Horn sections.  Narration is common.

James Brown, Earth, Wind and Fire, Rick James, Sly and the Family Stone.



Instruments varied.  Strong reliance on keyboard and strings

Formulaic pop music with heavy emphasis on rhythm.  All beats are accented

Donna Summer, The Bee Gees,



Danceable, upbeat pop tunes with horns and strong rhythm section.

Fast tempos with the accent on the off-beats

English Beat, Selecter, Madness, the Specials



Turntable technique and sampling instruments. Drum machines common. Staccato rhythm and rhyme narration

Emphasis on danceablity and the beat. Political narratives common.  Sexual references frequent and intense

Grandmaster Flash, Run-DMC, Public Enemy, Dr. Dre,  Eminem



Heavy reliance on synthesizers.  Robot-like melodic and rhythmic angularity

Songs themes often reflect estrangement, detachment and de-humanization

Gary Numan, The Cars


Industrial Pop

Home-made “buzzy” instruments, layered samples, experimental approach to sound

A main theme is the exploration of sound and textures.  Non-commercial approach to music

Nine Inch Nails, Skinny Puppy,  Einstürzende Neubauten


Seattle Grunge

Guitar, drums, and bass

Contrasty textures that alternated between clean guitar work and highly distorted walls of thrash chords.  Lazy vocal delivery counter-balanced by screaming vocals.

Nirvana, Soundgarden,  Pearl Jam.